About obesity surgery
With the advancement of science day after day and with the constant need for quick and safe solutions, there are many and varied effective ways to lose weight quickly and safely, such as gastric sleeve surgery, gastric bypass, gastric balloon, and others. Many obese patients resort to it to get rid of health problems that do not stop at just Only extra kilos, but health problems that the patient may be exposed to at any time, but the patient must identify the complications of obesity surgery before making the decision to perform the operation.
Gastric Sleeve Operation Mechanism
Laparoscopic gastric sleeve surgery depends on the removal of approximately 90% of the stomach, which in turn helps reduce the amount of food a person eats at one time, which makes him feel full for a longer time and thus reduce the desire to eat; This stimulates the body to use stored fat to provide energy.
Gastric bypass mechanism
تعتمد Laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery depends on removing the largest part of the stomach and creating a small pouch that is able to hold only small portions of food at any time, which means that you must stick to eating small portions of food, since the stomach absorbs much less food, which is what Helps reduce calories, i.e. faster weight loss.
The main difference between gastric bypass and gastric sleeve surgery is that the gastric bypass operation is that the food passes through the entire length of the intestine, because the size of the stomach after surgery is smaller, and the removal of the entire left part of the stomach is the most prominent characteristic of that operation; It is the hormone responsible for stimulating the feeling, and then removing that part is the elimination of that hormone.
The appearance of stretch marks and flabby skin is due to the slow steady rate of weight loss, so the patient must be aware of this information before the operation; Because gastric sleeve is an irreversible decision, meaning that the patient will live with it for life.
The mechanism of implementation of the SASI operation
In SASI (loop bipartition) surgery the size of the stomach is reduced while reducing the absorption of food using a surgical endoscope through holes or openings that do not exceed 1 cm. The stomach is gagged with a connection from 250 cm to 300 cm from the end of the small intestine to the last part of the stomach through a single connection so that it is in front of the food Two paths:
The first: a path to the last part of the small intestine (75% of the food), in which a gastric sleeve is done and the path is diverted together in the same operation, and thus the stomach has two drainage holes for eating, the first for gastric sleeve, which is the natural exit of the stomach.
The second is by connecting the stomach to the intestine after excluding part of it, and thus part of the food goes in the natural path until vitamins and minerals are absorbed for the body to benefit from, and the other part of the new recommendations, which achieves the main goal of the process in losing weight as well as treating diabetes.
What are the complications of obesity surgery?
There are some things that the patient should be aware of such as the risks or complications associated with surgical procedures include:
- Excessive bleeding
- Adverse reactions to anesthesia
- Lung or breathing problems
- Gastrointestinal leaks
- Death (rare cases)
The long-term risks and complications of bariatric surgery vary, depending on the type of surgery. They can include:
- Intestinal obstruction
- Dumping syndrome, which causes diarrhea, nausea or vomiting
- Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
- stomach perforation
- stomach ulcers